Lost interstellar asteroid enters solar system

Undated European Southern Observatory handout image of an artistÕs impression showing the first interstellar asteroid: `Oumuamua. PRESS ASSOCIATION Photo. Issue date: Monday November 20, 2017. A lost interstellar asteroid has entered the solar system after wandering between the stars for hundreds of millions of years, scientists believe. The unique object, named Oumuamua, is highly elongated, about 400 metres (1,312 ft) long and coloured dark red. It is the first space rock from outside the sola

A misplaced interstellar asteroid has entered the photo voltaic system after wandering between the celebs for tons of of thousands and thousands of years, scientists imagine.

The darkish purple object named Oumuamua, is about 400 metres (1,312 ft) lengthy, scientists reported within the journal Nature.

It’s the first house rock from outdoors the photo voltaic system ever noticed by astronomers.

A telescope in Hawaii designed to identify Close to-Earth Objects (NEOs) noticed the asteroid on 19 October as a faint level of sunshine transferring within the sky.

After additional observations and orbital calculations, there was little doubt the item originated from outdoors the photo voltaic system.

Transferring at 95,000 kilometres per hour (59,030 mph), Oumuamua was at first thought to have travelled from the intense star Vega, 25 gentle years away within the northern constellation of Lyra.

However Vega was nowhere close to its present place 300,000 years in the past, when its journey would have began.

That has led scientists to invest that the asteroid is an interstellar wanderer that occurs to have stumbled throughout our photo voltaic system.

“Oumuamua could properly have been wandering via the Milky Manner, unattached to any star system, for tons of of thousands and thousands of years earlier than its probability encounter with the photo voltaic system,” Dr Karen Meech, from the Institute for Astronomy in Hawaii, mentioned.

“This unusually massive variation in brightness implies that the item is very elongated,” she added.

“We additionally discovered that it has a darkish purple color, much like objects within the outer photo voltaic system, and confirmed that it’s utterly inert, with out the faintest trace of mud round it.”

The rock’s properties recommend it might have a excessive steel content material and lacks important quantities of water or ice, and its floor has turn into darkish and purple by the affect of cosmic rays over thousands and thousands of years.

Astronomers estimate that interstellar asteroids cross via the interior photo voltaic system about every year, however they’re troublesome to see as a result of they’re so faint.

Oumuamua was found by the 1.eight metre Pan-STARR telescope in Hawaii, which is a part of a system set as much as monitor probably threatening NEOs.

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